Bakewell Tree Trail

 Uses of Wood 


Wood can be transformed into many different objects, such as furniture, golf clubs, boats and musical instruments. Here's a listing of what different varieties of wood can be used to make.

Wooden ChairAlder - clogs - 'turned' articles - foundations for buildings in wet ground, eg. Venice - water troughs - fencing stakes

Ash - golf club shaft - inexpensive 'country' furniture - as a veneer - Bentwood furniture and where curved wood is required eg. covered wagon frame - axe handles, it is strong enough to resist the shock of the blow but also cushions the shock to the user - cart shafts - hurdles - walking sticks - boat paddles - billiard cues - cricket stumps - spears - arrows - ladders - chassis of morgan motor car

Beech - bentwood furniture - lightweight often used as drawers - takes paint well and often used for gilded furniture - spinning wheels - Sheraton turned beech to make imitation bamboo furniture - carpenters tools, esp. mallets and handles - foundations of buildings where the ground is very wet, eg. Winchester cathedral

Bentwood - several varieties of trees which take heat, pressure or steam and then bent into a shape for a furniture part, eg. Windsor chair back

Birch - modern Swedish furniture - besom brooms - used as a veneer - sap used for wine - bobbins and spools for cotton spinning - clothes pegs - bowls - spoons - wood-block floors

Blackthorn - mayoral stick - walking sticks - chimney sweeps brooms

Box - small tools - fine 'turned' articles such as chessmen and bobbins - moving parts in machinery

Chestnut - very resistant to rot and often used in fencing - usually too 'soft' for cabinet making but often used as inlay - poles for scaffolding

Elder - whistles - pea shooters

Elm - has a twisted grain which gives great strength - wheel hubs - floor boards (has a tendency to warp) - seats of Windsor back chairs - mains water pipes in towns - keels and rudders in boat building

Fruitwood - is apple, pear etc.

Hawthorn - mill-wheel teeth - veneer for furniture

Hazel - hurdles - baskets - golf club shaft - pegs - with thatch

Holly - shuttles for hand-weaving - small tools - 'turned' articles - inlay patterns on furniture

Hornbeam - hardest British wood - cogs in wind and water mills - anything needing a screw thread - musical instruments

Larch - boat planking

Lime - easily carved and used for ornamentation on furniture, especially by Grinling Gibbons - dug-out canoes - spoons and ladles - strong fibrous underbark (bast) used for robes, sandals and nets in the Stone Age

Maple - bowls - drinking vessels - pipes - harps

Oak - most furniture up the 18th century - deckchairs - boats and ships, particularly 'men-of-war' for the Royal Navy - wooden frame houses - carved work esp. Jacobean - tanning leather - wine casks - field gates - charcoal

Pear - golf club head - tea caddies - 'treen' household ware - picture frames - 'country' furniture - carved pieces - woodwind instruments

Wooden Salt and Pepper PotsPine - telegraph poles - fences - waterwheels - picture frames - town drains in Georgian times

Poplar - cotton reels - clogs - matches - baskets - floorboards - cruck of timer framed buildings

Rowan - beams in houses (if large enough) - handles of tools

Soft woods - are open-grained and are conifers, eg. spruce, fir, pine

Spruce - violins - often used for painted furniture

Sycamore - rollers for domestic mangles - plates and food utensils - snuff boxes - welsh love spoons

Walnut - elaborate carving in furniture, esp. Renaissance - gun stocks (good shock absorbency)

Willow - cricket bats - wickerwork, eg. baskets - furniture - coracles

Yew - bows (tree is poisonous and was grown in churchyards so that cattle could not reach it) from Neolithic times to present day - barrel hoops - Windsor back chairs - nails for Viking longboats

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